Robinson Crusoe Island
is truly worthy of a novel.
It is the biggest isle in the Juan Fernandez archipelago
It is 670 kilometers from the city of Valparaiso and it has a population
of over 500 inhabitants, mainly living from fishing.
A tour around Robinson Crusoe Island
a stop at the Vantage Point
, a unique lookout with
a magnificent view. This lookout point is said to be the one which
Selkirk (who inspired the famous novel) often used to visit in order
to search for corsair vessels. Mts Yunque and Tres Puntas are also
Other attractions on the island are:
Juan Fernandez National Park
- The Island Cemetery was the place where seafarers used to
bury their fellow travelers. It is located on the shore of Robinson
Crusoe Island. Here lie the mortal remains of Baron Alfredo
de Rodt, who, in 1877 laid the foundations for the current settlement
on the island, and also of the sailors of the Dresden, the last
vessel of the German squadron in World War I.
- Yunque Square was a refuge to the so called
"German Robinson", the sailor Hugo Weber, who survived the sinking
of the Dresden and lived on the island for 12 years. It is possible
to reach the site after a 2-hour walk, during which tourists
have the chance to appreciate several varieties of ferns and
the huge "nalca" and "pangue" leaves, locally
known as "Robinson's umbrella".
- Robinson's Cave, also known as "Puerto Ingles",
since it is still visible at the top of the hill overlooking
the bay, contains the huge fort cannons which defended the island
from British corsair attacks. It is located 20 minutes away
by boat from San Juan Bautista (the inhabited area on Robinson
- Puerto Frances was the French buccaneers'
favorite landing place. It is located south of Cumberland bay,
three sailing hours away.
- Arenal Beach is located at the southwestern
tip of the island. After a two-hour sailing journey through
unforgettable islets, cliffs and walrus colonies one reaches
this area of crystal-clear warm water. A tent, sleeping bags
and food are highly recommended items to take on this tour.
covers an area of
18,300 hectares (9,300 on Robinson Crusoe Island
8,500 on Selkirk Island and 500 on Santa Clara island). The site
was declared a World Biosphere Reserve in 1977. It is located 674
kilometers from the continent on the Pacific Ocean island.
Seventy per cent of the flowers found in the archipelago
which was declared a National Park in 1935, are native to this place.
Among the flora species, it is possible to find indigenous varieties
of apple trees, cabbage, cinnamon trees and palm trees, all of them
bearing "Juan Fernandez
" in their names. Other
important species are the "coralillo
", the "luma de
", the "Juan Bueno
", the "mayu monte
", the "madera dura
" and several
Within the fauna species, are the "double-furred" sea lion, a sea
mammal found in the locations of Santa Clara and Tres Puntas, the
Green-backed Fire Crest, frequently seen in the interior forests
and the "cernicalo
". The three latter species bear "Juan
" in their names.
The animal species introduced by man are: the "Juan Fernandez goat", the rabbit, the coati, the common mouse and the cats, currently roaming wild.
Alejandro Selkirk Island
is the highest section
of the archipelago
, due to the presence of Mt Los
Inocentes (1,650 meters). The island has a surface area of 85 sq
km and is located 180 kilometers from Robinson Crusoe Island
and 834 from Valparaiso.
In this area, it is possible to admire cliffs about a thousand meters in height. The beaches are rocky and have little sand.
The island has a population of only 25 inhabitants (unless someone was born after this page was edited!) living at the Colonia inlet and in the De las Casas gully.
Santa Clara Island
is the smallest island in the
, and is currently deserted. It covers
an area of 5 sq km and is 1 ½ km from Robinson Crusoe Island